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Tri-County News
Kimball, Minnesota
April 15, 2010     Tri-County News
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April 15, 2010

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Sat., April 24, 9 am pm LOCATION: A. M. MAUS &amp; SON LOT, HWY. Page 16 WE'VE GOT ... but it's ONLY for new High-Speed Internet customers! Very Hush-Hush! Call 1.888.775.8258 French Lake Junk Yard Batteries (car & truck): No charge Scrap metal: No charge Only appliances: Washer & dryer: No Tires (car & light truck): $2 Mumford Sanitation All regular garbage: FREE Mattress: $15 Box spring: Drain oil ff in non-leaking container /PUANCES: $10 Electronic: ITEMS. NOT ACCEPTED: i NO TVs Business waste I NO Computer00-" Medical waste i Pharmaceutical waste i HAZARDOUS Household garbage I IT00..00ITEMSACCEPTED: ITEMS ACCEPTED: I Paints Garden chemicals Appliances: $13 for most | Cleaners Rechargeable batteries Air Cond: $18 I Poisons Florescent bulbs Solvents Adhesives Fuels Roofing tar Mothballs Sealers Mercun] MUCHMORE/ USED CLOTHING: Bring clean, used clothing to KIMBALL CITY HALL Automotive..0000d Tiros: $2.50 HJN each- ! Car batteries: I $1each 9am- l pm " USed Oil: FREE; will go to Epilepsy Foundation 0il tigers: GARBAGE DUMPSTER: 50 each A "PCKOP" LOAD- $20 Antiireeze: $1 Check daily for updates to the "Photo Gallery" at www,tricou ntynews. M N Sports Leisure Thursday, April 15, 201.0 -7  - -=IU ...... Carl F. Hoffman Litchfield  U of M Extension horticulturist Satellites 4-H Protect apples from early Club season pests Reduce, reuse, and recycle! The codling moth has become a serious insect pest of apples in many home orchards. Although this insect has caused damage to apples for many years, it appears to liave become a greater pest in recent years. Whether it is because of weather patterns, insecticide resistance, timing of sprays, or some other factor, the population and resulting damage to apples has increased. Codling moths overwinter as mature larvae in silken cocoons found under loose bark or in debris under the tree. The larvae pupate in the spring and begin to emerge as adult moths during late bloom or petal fall stages of apple devel- opment. Female moths lay eggs on developing fruit or nearby leaves. The eggs hatch in one or two weeks, depending on temperature. Once hatched, the larvae begin feeding -on the apples. Larvae bore into the fruit either from the side or the calyx end and begin chewing their way to the core where they feed on the seeds, pushing their waste material, called frass, out of the entrance hole as they advance. Sometimes the larvae will either die or move to another site, forming shallow holes called stings. Either way, the larvae leave unsightly holes that can promote internal rotting. The larvae feed for about three weeks and then exit from the apple and pupate on the trunk or larger branches of the tree. A second generation can occur in late July or August. A second insect that infests developing apples is the plum curculio. The curculio is a weevil that overwinters as adults in plant debris on the ground. They move to the apple trees and begin lay- ing their eggs about the time the trees bloom. As the female cur- culios lay their eggs in the apples they create crescent shaped scars on the skin of the apple. The apples retain these scars and when severely attacked the apple itself can become deformed. The larvae feed for about two weeks and exit from fallen apples to pupate in the ground. The adults emerge later in the season and hibernate until the following spring. Timing is vital to control these apple pests. If coddling moth and plum curculio damage has occurred in previous years, the best way to protect the apples is to spray them with a registered insecticide. Make two applications, the first at petal fall - when about three-fourths of the petals have fallen. Follow with a second application ten days later. Do not apply the spray earlier because it will do no good and it will kill the pollinating bees. Use esfen- valerate, malathion, or a complete fruit or orchard spray that does not contain carbaryl (Sevin). Carbaryl is deadly to bees and at petal fall there will still be bees working in the trees. Proper tree planting for Earth Day Don't Bury Me: A hole dug too deep is a sure way to kill a tree Earth Day is coming soon - April 22. Celebrate the wondrous benefits of trees and make a wise investment by planting a shade tree in your yard! But before you plant, tffke some advice from the experts to help your new tree live a long time: "Too often, consum- ers waste hundreds of dollars on trees that will die because they were planted too deep," cautions Tchukki Andersen, staff arborist with the Tree Care Industry Asso- ciation. "Proper planting is absolutely essential in the failure or suc- cess of a transplanted tree," says Andersen. "Using quality plants and following up with good tree care practices, such as watering, pruning and .fertilizing, will not save a poorly planted tree. The most common mistake is planting the root ball too deep," she says. Homeowners can purchase trees packaged in three common forms: ' Bare-Root plants may be sold with the roots tightly packed in a moisture-retaining medium that is wrapped with paper or plastic, or with roots loosely covered by a moist packing medium. Roots must be adequately moistened prior to planting. Roots are spread out evenly in the hole when plant- ing. Balled and Burlapped (B & B) trees are moved with a ball of soil protecting their root system. Soil balls are heavy, so professional arborists who have proper equip- ment should be hired to plant large trees. Smaller B & B trees should be carried with a hand under the ball. Carrying a B & B tree by the stem or branches can result in serious root damage. When planting, set the root ball in the hole, position the tree, then remove twine and nails. Remove or fold back burlap from the upper third of the root ball. Container-Grown trees have the advantage of a root system that is relatively undisturbed at plant- ing, but beware of "pot-bound" container trees. Do not buy con- tainer trees that have a large amount of roots completely cir- cling the inside of the pot. These trees will take a long time to get established after planting because the roots have difficulty growing beyond the thick ring of circling roots. Immediately before plant- ing container trees, prune the roots. Root pruning can cut up to 50 percent of the roots in container trees but this is still sufficient to permit plant establishment. This compares with pruning about 10 percent or less of the root sys- tem being transplanted with B & B trees. Always remove the con- tainer prior to planting. Andersen advises consumers to follow these planting guidelines: Measure the height and diam- eter of the root bali or root spread. Dig the hole i to 3 inches shal- lower than root ball or root depth. The hole's diameter should be 2 to 3 times the diameter of the root ball or root spread. Set the tree on undisturbed solid ground in the center of the area: The tree should be planted so that the root flare, the base of the tree trunk where the roots begin to "flare-out," is visible and above grade. Backfill with soil from the planting hole, using water to pack or settle the soil around the root ball. Mulch the planting area with 2 to 4 inches of an organic mulch such as wood chips. Start the mulch 6 inches away from the The Litchfield Satellites 4-H club has been talking a lot about that. This month, club members shared some great tips on reducing, reus- ing, and recycling. You could reuse plastic Easter eggs, reuse the backs of old school papers, have different bins to sort out recyclables, make mini purses with old jean pock- ets, and make scarves out of old shirts. There is a new 4-H food- stand up, and people are getting it ready for the fair. Next time you drive by the fairgrounds, be sure to look at the new foodstandl We had visitors come in and talk to us about "Arts In." They came to try to show members how much fun it is, so that more people will join it. Miranda and Elijah Michaletz did a project talk on rabbits. They even brought in some of their tab- " bits, which was great fun for club members to see and pet. Monday, May 10, our club will meet at Haug Implement at 6:30 for ditch p!ck- up. Our club meeting will follow the ditch pick-up at 7:30 at Zion Lutheran church. Reporter, Jane Hulterstrum tree trunk- do not mulch up to or against the trunk. Trees should be pruned after planting to remove broken, dam- aged, diseased or dead branches. Stake and/or protect the trunk of the tree if there is a real potential for wind damage or lawn mower injury. Remove the guy wires when the staking is no longer needed or the tree could be injured or even killed from girdling by the wire. Prune to develop a good branch structure once the tree has become established in its new home, usually 1-3 years after planting. Never remove more than 25 percent of total foliage in one" year. Fertilizing is not recom- mended at the time of planting. What can you do? A professional arborist can assess your landscape and work with you to determine the best trees to plant. Contact the Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA), a public and professional resource on trees and arboriculture since 1938. It has more than 2,000 mem- ber companies who recognize stringent safety and performance standards and who are required to carry liability insurance. TCIA has the nation's only Accredita- tion program that helps consum- ers find tree-care companies that have been inspected and accred- ited based on: adherence to indus- try standards for quality and safety; maintenance of trained, professional staff; and dedication' to ethics and quality in business practices. An easy way to find a tree-care service provider in your area is to use the "Locate Your Local TCIA Member Companies" program. ,You can use this service by calling (800) 733-2622 or by doing a ZIP Code search on <www.\>.