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August 29, 2013     Tri-County News
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Thursday, August 29, 2013 1 Tri-County News. www.tricountynews.mn Sports _ Leisure :i..iZ  i i i ":u?J/.._  ii  " _. IIIII'I'IHIIIIIII II [HHHIII'I I I[[1111111 Title IX turns forty-something, is still vital By Pat Garry, Staff writer Growing up an avid four-sport high school male athlete in the 1960s, and living in a family with five sisters; three older and two younger than myself, I truly could not see the forest for the trees. In my defense however, I was com- pletely unaware of the prejudices my own female siblings were experiencing. No one ever ques- tioned why the girls could only participate in cheerleading for the boys' activities. No one ever asked why the girls could use their ath- letic abilities only in physical edu- cation class. It was just under- stood! Where today, most could only equate this type of think- ing to that of the pathetic segre- gation practices; in the '60s, it was just not questioned. That is until a persistent senator from Indiana authored a 37-word clause that would enable women to take that long-awaited proverbial giant leap toward gender equality. "No per- son in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to dis- crimination under any education program or activity receiving fed- eral financial assistance." Forty years ago, girls studied home economics, instead of train- ing for "male-oriented" activ- ities and athletics. Early femi- nist crusades measured equal- ity in sport as one of the fronts by which women could validate their equality to men. While the collec- tive population proclaimed that women were incapable of cop- ing with the rigors and physical- ity of competitive sport, 19th-cen- tury women's rights activist Eliz- abeth Cady Stanton quashed this myth by challenging, "We can- not say what the woman might be physically, if the girl were allowed all the freedom of the boy in romp- ing, swimming, climbing, playing ball." Just as time has mercifully blown away the archaic dust from past procreators' casual-clouded conservatism, so too has Title IX, a landmark legislation of the 1972 Educational Amendments, aug- mented its grasp on sex discrim- ination in schools, throughout its 40-year tenure. Guaranteeing gen- der equity and equal access, Title IX was authored and introduced to Congress in February 1972 by Sen- ator Birch Bayh of Indiana, and subsequently signed into law by President Richard Nixon in June of that year. The new law focused on 10 different areas in which women were not given the same opportu- nities as men: Athletics, Access to Higher Education, Career Educa- tion, Education for Pregnant and Parenting Students, Employment, Learning Environment, Math and Science, Sexual Harassment, Stan- dardized Testing, and Technology. Women's athletics at the high school and college level were lim- ited or non-existent and scholar- ships for college women were few and far between. Before Title IX, females were not equally admit- ted to medical and law schools. A 1995 National Organization for Women article stated that in 1972, women earned just 7 per- cent of all law degrees and just 9 percent of all medical degrees. By 2001, those numbers increased to 47 percent and 43 percent respec- tively. Public school districts had to perform self-evaluations, with obligations to modify practices that did not comply with Title IX. Universities and colleges receiv- ing federal funding had to do the same. Simply, each was charged with taking steps to increase the participation of students in pro- grams or activities where bias had occurred. Many schools and uni- versities discovered that there were large female populations who were eager to play sports, and that there was no problem getting girls to participate; the issue often was how many to cut. One of the positive factors of Title IX was how young girls idem tiffed with and found female role models, especially on the high school teams. A National Federa- tion of State High School Associ- ation survey in 2010-2011 stated that girls' participation in high school sports has climbed by more than tenfold to nearly 3.2 million, or 41 percent of all high school athletes. Sexual harassment issues were also being addressed, and boys will be boys, was no longer an acceptable excuse. Girls, includ- ing my younger sisters, who were involved in high school athletics, improved their self-esteem and became more confident. As I can attest, being part of a team and learning to work with teammates was a very valuable experience. As tremendous as the positive impact of Title IX has been, there are still inequities that remain, especially for girls in K-12 schools, in athletics, and scholarships for women athletes. Better enforce- ment of the law is imperative. There is definitely an increased awareness of sexual discrimi- nation, and measures are being taken to end that. This awareness has abolished most policies of out- right sexual discrimination and has also resulted in more equity in wages for women. Perhaps a bitter side of Title IX's effect is that there are proportionally now fewer women coaching girls' teams. Maybe, in part, it was caused by the increase in salary for coach- ing. Men became more interested in coaching girls, and because competitive sports for girls were new, many men had much more knowledge and experience in some of the sports and they were hired over women. It goes without saying that women's involvement in sport and education was absurdly slow to develop. Opportunities for par- ticipation and recognition were almost non-existent for centu- ries. Finally and far too awaited, it was not until the advent of the equal rights movements and Title IX, that women truly found a place as equal participants in the world of sport and in the public arena. Thank you senator, happy anni- versary Title IX, and keep up the good work! Kimball school menu Sept. 2-6 Breakfast Monday-Izdmr Day, no school Tuesday: Breakfast pizza, juice or fruit, milk. Wednesday: Toasted cheese bread, sausage patty, juice or fruit, milk. Thursday: Egg bake, juice or fruit, milk. Friday: Pancake or French toast, sausage patty, juice or fruit, milk. Lunch Monday-Labor Day, no school Tuesday: Pizza or ham & Swiss on wheat, spinach salad, carrots, pepper strips, fresh fruit, canned fruit, milk. Wednesday: Soft shell taco with lettuce, cheese or chicken patty on a bun, broccoli florets, black bean Page 9 salsa, tomatoes, fresh fruit, canned fruit, milk. Thursday: Turkey gravy, mashed potatoes, roll or cheeseburger on a bun, green peas, carrots, pepper strips, fresh fruit, canned fruit, milk. Friday: Italian dunkers, meat sauce or turkey ranch wrap, green beans, black bean salad, shredded lettuce, fresh fruit, canned fruit, milk. Play auriful Kimball Course DEADLINE FOR THIS WEEK: 4 p.m. Friday, Aug. 30 Our office is closed Monday, Sept. 2, for Labor Day. Discount Coupons Available at: Discount Tickets Available at: 7-:v:,? "