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Kimball, Minnesota
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October 17, 2013     Tri-County News
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October 17, 2013
 

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www.tricountynews.mn PAGE 3 Thursday, October 17, 2013 Univ. of Minnesota Extension Regional Extension Educa- tor Liz Stahl at Worthington recently shared sources of infor- mation about grain harvest and storage strategies related to vari- able moisture and maturity con- ditions in fields. Cleaning bins and harvest equipment is an important task. Insects that create problems for grain in storage are insects that harbor in old grain and crop resi- due in harvest equipment and in and around grain bins. So Liz sug- gests that we should thoroughly clean out bins and all grain han- dling equipment such as com- bines, trucks and grain wagons, to remove any insect-infested grain and debris. In empty bins, thor- oughly sweep or brush down all surfaces, including the walls, ceil- ings, ledges, rafters, braces, and handling equipment. Seal any holes or cracks. Remove all debris and vegetation growing within 10 feet of the bin, and aplSly a residual herbicide as needed to control any weedy plants around the bin. Once the bin is thoroughly cleaned outi a residual insecticide such as Tempo, malation, Diacon, or Storicide II can be applied to the point of runoff on all surfaces, two to three weeks before new grain is placed in the bin. Use recom- mended protective safety equip- ment and follow recommended safety practices if working with insecticides in or around grain bins. The "2013 North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide" provides further information on insecticides registered for stored grains. You can also do a website search for "Purdue Stored Grain Insect Pest Management" for more information about preven- tive measures before, during, and after putting grain in the bin. You're also welcome to call the county Extension office for infor- mation that is helpful to you. Soybean harvest issues Ken Hellevang, Extension Engineer with North Dakota State University, offered information recently related harvest practices and variability in soybean fields. Some farmers are combining parts of fields that are brown and dry for harvest and leaving green patches in the field. That's easier to do with soybeans than with corn; but might fit some corn situations too. Where selective harvesting works, it makes for more uniform conditions in drying and storage. Field losses, splits and cracked seed coats increase as moisture content decreases. Shatter losses have been shown to increase sig- nificantly when seed moisture falls below 13 percent and when mature beans undergo multiple wetting and drying cycles. Hell- evang recommends that produc- ers try to harvest as much of their crop as possible before the mois- ture level falls below 11 to 13 per- cent. Harvesting during high humidity or damp conditions may reduce shatter loss. It is uncertain whether green soybeans will change color in storage. Limited studies indicate The AgStar Fund for Rural America, the corporate giving pro- gram of AgStar Financial Services, is proud to announce it is once again accepting grant applications for programs that enhance the quality of life and future opportu- nities for rural residents and their communities. Recipients will be awarded up to $10,000 for projects or programs that align with the Fund's mission. '~gStar takes pride in giving back to the communities we live and work in," said lohn Monson, chair of the AgStar Fund's Board of Trustees. "Through the Fund for Rural Amer- ica, we are able to fulfill our mission of enhancing life in agriculture and rural America by supporting those who support agriculture." AgStar encourages those seek- ing funding to visit AgStar.com to ' learn about the AgStar Fund and see if they meet the guidelines. Grant applications can be com- pleted online and will be accepted until Nov. 30, 2013. Grants will be awarded in the spring of 2014. that green soybeans will tend to stay green in storage. They do not lose their internal green color. The surface color may lighten or mottle somewhat after weeks or months in storage. Field losses need to be balanced against the discounts for green seeds in deciding when to harvest. Soybean moisture variation also may lead to storage and marketing losses. Operating an aeration fan will help move moisture from wet beans to drier beans. Air going past wet beans picks up moisture, and that moisture will transfer to drier beans as the air goes past them. Moisture movement will be minimal without aeration air- flow past the beans. Hellevang suggests running the fan longer than is required to cool the grain to even out the moisture content. The moisture will not equalize, tire inven in the areal but it will become more uniform. An Iowa State Reference sug- gests for winter storage, store com- mercial soybeans at 13 percent moisture or less, 12 percent or less for up to one year, and 11 percent or less for more than one year. For more information, do an Internet search for NDSU soybean drying or NDSU corn drying. And in Stearns, Benton and Morrison Counties you're welcome to call the County Extension Office for assis- tance in getting the information: in Stearns County a local call to St. Cloud at (320) 255-6169, or (800) 450-6171, in Benton a local call to Foley at (320) 968-5077, or (800) 964-4929, in Morrison a local call to Little Falls at (320) 632-0161, or (866) 401-1111. Please make SAFETY a PRIOR- ITY through the harvest season. Get the dirt before you move it. When it comes to finding the fight compact tractor, researching ],-our options and getting "the dirt" can make a big difference. 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