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Kimball, Minnesota
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October 24, 2013     Tri-County News
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...... www.tricountynews.mn ................. T y+00s Harvest (continued from page 7) Consider screen cleaner before binning to remove fines, cob pieces and broken kernels. More fines are produced when corn is wet because more aggressive shelling is required. This causes more kernel cracking and breaking. Immature corn con- tains more small and shriveled ker- nels. Fines cause storage problems because they spoil faster than whole kernels, have high airflow resistance and accumulate in high concen- trations under the fill hole unless a spreader or distributor is used. Field drying rates, of course, depend on weather conditions. Corn in the field might dry 1.5 to 3 percentage points per week dur- ing October and 1 to 1.5 or less per week during November, assuming normal North Dakota weather con- ditions. If corn has a moisture con- tent of 35 percent on Oct. 1, it might dry to about 25 percent moisture by Nov. 1. (This probably is not a lot different for our area of Minne- sota.) Field drying normally is more economical until mid-October, Farm & Ag and mechanical high-temperature drying normally is more economi- cal after that. If the moisture content varies in corn going into a high-temperature dryer, it also will vary coming out of the dryer, Hellevang says. For exam- ple, if the moisture ranges from 15 to 25 percent going into the dryer, it may range from 11 to 19 percent coming out. More mixing in the dryer will help reduce the moisture variation coming from the dryer. This mois- ture variation will greatly affect stor- ability and storage management. Run aeration fans to help move moisture from wet to drier kernels. PACE 15 Thursday, October 24, 2013 Air going past wet kernels picks up a bin or container. Generally, the moisture, and that moisture will transfer to drier kernels as the air goes past them. Moisture movement will be minimal without aeration airflow past the kernels. Run the fan longer than is required to cool the grain to even out the moisture con- tent. The moisture may not equal- ize, but will become more uniform. Moisture content still may range from 14 to more than 16 percent. Use a distributor or "coring" of the bin to reduce the accumulation of smaller material in the center of the bin. Grain segregates based on size and density as it flows into smaller and denser material will accumulate in the center and the larger material flows to the perim- eter of the bin. Therefore, areas of wet corn and variations in test weight are possible in a bin. "Coring" means taking corn from the bottom center of a bin. Livestock farmers do this by feeding out of the bin. Cash crop producers might do this by selling or moving a load. Please make safety a priority through the harvest season. Stay out of trucks, wagons and bins where grain is moving. Tree care this fall. (Water trees and perennials) Gary Wyatt last three years should be watered U of M Extension Trees and other perennial plants are visibly stressed this fall primar- ily because of drought conditions from the past two or more years. Tree stress symptoms include abundant seed production, leaf scorch, early fall colors, leaf drop, limb die back and yellowing or browning of leaves/needles. Trees and shrubs, especially conifer trees and trees and shrubs planted in the generously until the soil freezes. Mulching newly planted trees will help reduce winter root damage. Young maples and thinned- barked trees may benefit from some kind of sunscald protection to prevent the bark from cracking this winter and spring. This pro- tection is usually in the form of a plastic tube or tree wrap (remove in spring). These practices can also help in reducing winter animal damage. Other fall management practices which will help reduce winter damage to trees and shrubs can be found at http://z.umn.edu/ winterdamage. Protecting trees from rabbits, mice, voles and deer is a major concern in some landscapes dur- ing the winter. Mow or remove tall grass to reduce mice and vole damage. If the bark is removed or severely damaged around the tree, it will die. Protective physical bar- riers such as tree tubes, hardware cloth or fencing can be done when practical. Odor, taste and visual repel- lents can be used to repel many wildlife species, but may have inconsistent effectiveness. Human hair, soaps, garlic oil, hot sauce and animal repellents can be applied to branches and foliage to discour- age browsing. Weather, application frequency, animal population and feeding pressure affect the suc- cess of repellents. Some animals become desensitized to the repel- lent, so you may want to alternate repellents. A web resource that reviews prevention and control of wildlife damage can be found at http://z, umn. edu/critters. If you're unsure what is caus- ing problems in your landscape, Extension has a great web site to help homeowners diagnose tree, shrub and plant problems or iden- tifying a weed or insect. This site also has links to the UM Plant Dis- ease Clinic and Soil Testing Lab. http : //z.umn.edu/diagnose. Fall is also a good time to plant trees (water till the soil freezes). Recommended trees for all regions of Minnesota can be found at http://z.umn.edu/rectrees. The best time to prune trees is dur- ing the dormant season from Jan- uary to March. Flowering shrubs can be pruned in the summer after flowering. Gary Wyatt is an Agroforestry educator with University of Minne sota Extension. Friendly Hometown Service * Propane ® Motor Oil * Soy Diesel • Gasoline o Fuel = Tank Truck . Tires • Transport . 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